(转)Nginx SSL让request.getScheme() 取到https正确的协议的解决方案 - ghostsf

in 旧文字 with 0 comment

最近在做一个项目, 架构上使用了 Nginx +tomcat 集群, 且nginx下配置了SSL,tomcat no SSL,项目使用https协议
1.png

但是,明明是https url请求,发现 log里面,

0428 15:55:55 INFO  (PaymentInterceptor.java:44) preHandle() - requestStringForLog:    {  
        "request.getRequestURL():": "http://trade.feilong.com/payment/paymentChannel?id=212&s=a84485e0985afe97fffd7fd7741c93851d83a4f6",  
        "request.getMethod:": "GET",  
        "_parameterMap":         {  
            "id": ["212"],  
            "s": ["a84485e0985afe97fffd7fd7741c93851d83a4f6"]  
        }  
    }  

request.getRequestURL() 输出出来的 一直是
http://trade.feilong.com/payment/paymentChannel?id=212&s=a84485e0985afe97fffd7fd7741c93851d83a4f6

但是浏览器中的URL却是
https://trade.feilong.com/payment/paymentChannel?id=212&s=a84485e0985afe97fffd7fd7741c93851d83a4f6

瞬间要颠覆我的Java观尴尬,API上写得很清楚:

getRequestURL():

Reconstructs the URL the client used to make the request.   
  
The returned URL contains a protocol, server name, port number, and server path,   
but it does not include query string parameters.  

也就是说, getRequestURL() 输出的是不带query string的路经(含协议,端口,server path等信息).

2.png

并且,还发现

request.getScheme()  //总是 http,而不是实际的http或https  
request.isSecure()  //总是false(因为总是http)  
request.getRemoteAddr()  //总是 nginx 请求的 IP,而不是用户的IP  
request.getRequestURL()  //总是 nginx 请求的URL 而不是用户实际请求的 URL  
response.sendRedirect( 相对url )  //总是重定向到 http 上 (因为认为当前是 http 请求) 

查阅了一些资料,找到了解决方案:

解决方法很简单,只需要分别配置一下 Nginx 和 Tomcat 就好了,而不用改程序。

配置 Nginx 的转发选项:

proxy_set_header       Host $host;  
proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP  $remote_addr;  
proxy_set_header  X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;  
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto  $scheme;  

proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;

配置Tomcat server.xml 的 Engine 模块下配置一个 Valve:

<Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.RemoteIpValve"  
remoteIpHeader="X-Forwarded-For"  
protocolHeader="X-Forwarded-Proto"  
protocolHeaderHttpsValue="https"/>  

配置双方的 X-Forwarded-Proto 就是为了正确地识别实际用户发出的协议是 http 还是 https。

这样以上5项测试就都变为正确的结果了,就像用户在直接访问 Tomcat 一样。

关于 RemoteIpValve,有兴趣的可以阅读下 doc:
http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-6.0-doc/api/org/apache/catalina/valves/RemoteIpValve.html

Tomcat port of mod_remoteip, this valve replaces the apparent client remote IP address and hostname for the request with the IP address list presented by a proxy or a load balancer via a request headers (e.g. "X-Forwarded-For").   
   
Another feature of this valve is to replace the apparent scheme (http/https) and server port with the scheme presented by a proxy or a load balancer via a request header (e.g. "X-Forwarded-Proto").   

看了下他们的源码,比较简单,在各种框架,各种算法面前,这个类对性能影响很小

转载自 飞天奔月的java博客

刚好ghostsf,也遇到一样的情况,刚好看到这位写的博文,遂转载之。

Responses